What is Gum Arabic

Gum arabic, also known as acacia gum, is a natural gum consisting of the hardened sap of various species of the acacia tree. Originally, Gum Arabic was collected from Acacia Nilotic which was called the "Gum Arabic tree".

In the present day, Gum Arabic is predominantly collected from two related species, namely Acacia Senegal and Vachellia (Acacia) Seyal. Producers harvest the gum commercially from wild trees, mostly in Sudan (80%) .

Gum arabic is a complex mixture of glycoproteins and polysaccharides. It is the original source of the sugars arabinose and ribose, both of which were first discovered and isolated from it, and are named after it.

Gum arabic is used primarily in the food industry as a stabilizer. It is edible and has no color or odor and contains a large amount of fibers that dissolve in water and calcium.

Gum arabic is a key ingredient in traditional lithography and is used in printing, paint production, glue, cosmetics and various industrial applications, including viscosity control in inks and in textile industries, though less expensive materials compete with it for many of these roles.